Gräserallergie und Pollen

Causes, triggers and effective treatment options for grass allergy

When the spring sun shines and the grasses are in all their glory, a time of torment begins for many people: the grass allergy season. This allergy is not a trivial matter, but a serious illness that can significantly affect your well-being. In this article, we will take a closer look at the symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and various treatment options for grass allergies.

Causes and triggers of allergy to grass

Grass allergies, also known as hay fever, are a common type of allergy that affects millions of people worldwide. Grass allergies are a common form of allergy caused by a Overreaction of the immune system to certain proteins in grass pollen caused. When this pollen is inhaled or gets on the skin, the immune system reacts as if it detects a threat and releases histamine and other chemicals that cause allergic reactions. The most common grasses that can cause allergies include: Rye, wheat, barley and various types of grasses in meadows and gardens. In addition to pollen, environmental factors such as air pollution and high pollen concentrations can also increase allergic reactions.

The exact causes of grass allergies are not fully understood, but there are several factors that may play a role. On the one hand, there is a strong genetic component: if both parents suffer from allergies, there is a high probability that their child will also develop allergies.

Environmental factors can also play a role in the development of grass allergies. Increased exposure to grass pollen, especially during childhood, can increase the risk of allergy. Additionally, air pollution and smoking can worsen grass allergy symptoms.

Finally can Interactions between different allergens affect the symptoms of a grass allergy. For example, people who are allergic to grass pollen may also experience allergic reactions to certain fruits and vegetables, a phenomenon known as cross-allergy. This is because the proteins in these foods are similar to the allergens in grass pollen, and the immune system recognizes them as such.

Symptoms of allergy to grass

Grass allergies can cause a variety of symptoms that can range from mild to severe and vary from person to person. Allergy to grasses can cause a variety of symptoms affecting the respiratory tract, nose, eyes, and skin. Common symptoms include:

  1. Sneezing and stuffy or runny nose: People with grass allergies often experience frequent sneezing and a stuffy or runny nose.
  2. Itchy or watery eyes: The eyes may become red, itchy, and watery, which can affect vision.
  3. Itching in the mouth or throat and coughing: Some people with grass allergies may develop a sore throat and cough, especially if pollen is inhaled.
  4. Fatigue: Helps with health challenges such as fatigue and stress.

Some people may also develop symptoms of allergic asthma, such as shortness of breath, wheezing, or chest tightness. It is important to note that these symptoms can also occur with other allergies, so an accurate diagnosis is important.

The symptoms of a grass allergy can easily confused with those of a cold, but there are some distinguishing features. Allergy symptoms typically come on suddenly and last as long as you are exposed to the allergen, while cold symptoms come on gradually and usually go away within a week.

The grasses that most often cause allergies include timothy grass, perennial ryegrass and rye grass. Each of these grasses has a specific flowering time, which explains the seasonality of grass allergy. Grass allergy season typically begins in late spring and lasts into summer.

Diagnosis of a grass allergy

Diagnosing a grass allergy can be challenging because symptoms are often similar to other allergies or illnesses. Fortunately, there are several procedures available to medical professionals to make an accurate diagnosis. These include the medical history, physical examinations and various allergy tests.

The medical history is usually the first step in diagnosing a grass allergy. The doctor will ask questions about the symptoms, their duration and frequency, and exposure to potential allergens. This can help get a clear picture of the situation and rule out other possible causes.

Physical examination is also an important part of the diagnostic process. The doctor will particularly examine the eyes, nose, throat and lungs, as these areas are often affected by allergy symptoms. This exam also allows the doctor to rule out other health problems that may cause similar symptoms.

If the history and physical examination indicate a possible grass allergy, An allergy test is usually carried out, which is usually carried out by an allergist. This test can be a Skin prick test or a blood test to determine which grasses a person is allergic to.

Treatment options for grass allergies

The treatment of grass allergy is primarily aimed at alleviating the symptoms and improving the quality of life of those affected. There are several effective treatments for grass allergies. Here are some of them:

Avoiding the allergen

The first and most important step in treating a grass allergy is to avoid the allergen as much as possible. This may mean staying indoors on high pollen days, keeping windows and doors closed, and washing clothes and bedding regularly to remove pollen.

Prevention of grass allergies

There are also strategies to prevent and combat grass allergies. These include taking nutritional supplements, avoiding grasses during pollen season, and wearing sunglasses to protect your eyes from pollen. Dietary supplements in particular promote health and well-being in a natural way. Natural allergy remedies, such as dietary supplements, rely on natural ingredients that have been sustainably sourced and carefully selected for their effectiveness and safety.

Medical therapy

There are various medications that can help relieve grass allergy symptoms. These include antihistamines that block the allergic reaction, nasal sprays that relieve inflammation, and eye drops that relieve redness and itching.

Nasal sprays

Steroid nasal sprays can be very effective in treating grass allergy symptoms. They reduce swelling in the nose, relieving symptoms such as sneezing and nasal congestion.


Immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, is a long-term treatment that can help change the body's response to allergens. It is often considered as an option when other treatments have not been effective.